Clicky

News Feeds

From PubMed »

  • 10-year risk for cardiovascular diseases using WHO prediction chart: findings from the civil servants in South-western Nigeria.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:39 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles 10-year risk for cardiovascular diseases using WHO prediction chart: findings from the civil servants in South-western Nigeria. BMC Cardiovasc Disord. 2020 Mar 31;20(1):154 Authors: Babatunde OA, Olarewaju SO, Adeomi AA, Akande JO, Bashorun A, Umeokonkwo CD, Bamidele JO Abstract BACKGROUND: Globally, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) have continued to ravage the human existence through the premature deaths of its workforce. Despite this burden, many studies in Nigeria have focused on determining the prevalence of risk factors which alone are insufficient to assess the risk of future cardiovascular events. Therefore, we determined the pattern and predictors of 10-year risk for CVDs in South-western Nigeria. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional study among workers at the local government areas (LGAs) of Oyo State. Using a multi-stage sampling technique, we recruited 260 respondents from the LGA secretariats. A pre-tested, interviewer-administered questionnaire was administered to obtain information on the socio-demographics and behavioural attributes. Lipid analysis, anthropometric, blood pressure, fasting blood glucose measurements were done using standard protocols. The respondents' CVD risk was assessed using WHO prediction chart. Data were analyzed using IBM SPSS version 25; bivariate analysis was done using Chi-square and binary logistic regression was used to identify the predictors of 10-year risk for CVDs at 5% level of significance. RESULTS: The mean age of respondents was 46.0 + 6.7 years. The proportion of respondents with good knowledge of risk factors was 57.7%. The prevalence of CVD risk factors were as follows: systolic hypertension (29.6%), visceral obesity (35.8%), diabetes mellitus (18.8%), smoking (5.8%), elevated total cholesterol (55.4%) and physical inactivity (84.6%). The proportion of respondents with low, moderate and high risk of developing CVDs within ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Knowledge and perception of sexual and reproductive rights among married women in Nigeria.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:38 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Knowledge and perception of sexual and reproductive rights among married women in Nigeria. Sex Reprod Health Matters. 2020 Dec;28(1):1-14 Authors: Makinde OA, Adebayo AM Abstract Married women of reproductive age can experience violations of their sexual and reproductive rights (SRRs). Adequate knowledge and understanding of SRRs are critical to their ability to protect themselves. This mixed methods study assessed the knowledge and perception of SRRs among ever-married women in Ibadan Metropolis, Nigeria. Quantitative data (N = 423) were obtained using an interviewer-administered questionnaire and summarised by computing scores for knowledge and perception. Qualitative data were obtained from five focus groups. Findings showed that 45.2% of the respondents said that they were aware of SRRs, yet 81.8% had poor knowledge scores. Regarding perceptions about SRRs, 73% of respondents obtained scores over the mean. In focus group discussions, participants generally could not explain the meaning of SRRs. However, they had positive perception of some SRRs, such as rights to family planning and freedom from violence/abuse. Overall, this study revealed that respondents had poor knowledge of SRRs but positive perceptions about them. A concerted effort is needed to raise public awareness and achieve basic education for women of reproductive age. PMID: 32237980 [PubMed - in ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Re-emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in Nigeria, 2014-2016: Role of Social Network and Value Chain Forces in Interstate Transmission.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:38 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Re-emergence of Highly Pathogenic Avian Influenza H5N1 in Nigeria, 2014-2016: Role of Social Network and Value Chain Forces in Interstate Transmission. Virol Sin. 2020 Mar 31;: Authors: Oluwayelu DO, Meseko CA, Ayinmode AB, Adebiyi AI, Lawani MA, Kakulu FO PMID: 32236814 [PubMed - as supplied by ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Economic impact assessment of foot-and-mouth disease burden and control in pastoral local dairy cattle production systems in Northern Nigeria: A cross-sectional survey.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:38 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Economic impact assessment of foot-and-mouth disease burden and control in pastoral local dairy cattle production systems in Northern Nigeria: A cross-sectional survey. Prev Vet Med. 2020 Mar 23;177:104974 Authors: Alhaji NB, Amin J, Aliyu MB, Mohammad B, Babalobi OO, Wungak Y, Odetokun IA Abstract Milk has been envisaged as a major source of high-quality protein and bioavailable nutrients to humans. Its production is constraint by foot and mouth disease (FMD), a contagious viral disease of very high economic importance worldwide. This study was aimed at assessing the economic impact of FMD in pastoral dairy cattle herds in Nigeria and determines returns to investments in its control to better inform policy decisions. An interview questionnaire-based cross-sectional study was conducted in 660 nomadic and agro-pastoral dairy cattle herds in 2019. Economic impact analyses were conducted using the total economic cost and benefit-cost analysis models. Of the 660 pastoralists enrolled, 92.6% (n = 611) participated. Nomadic pastoralists constituted 50.7% (n = 310) of the respondents while 49.3% (n = 301) were agro-pastoralists. Most of the respondents (66.4%, n = 406) had no formal education. The value of visible losses to the herders was estimated at USD 15,591,694.30 and the cost of control by treatment of secondary infections was USD 463,673.70. The economic impact of FMD due to production losses and costs of treatment to pastoralists was estimated to be USD 16,055,368.00. Return on investment in FMD control was positive with a benefit-cost ratio of 33.6. The estimated total economic costs due to FMD have indicated that it is a disease of high economic importance to dairy production herds and must be controlled to assure food security, local incomes to herders, and protein requirement of human population, especially the children in FMD endemic countries. PMID: 32240887 ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Preventive healthcare uptake in private hospitals in Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey (Nisa premier hospital).

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:38 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Preventive healthcare uptake in private hospitals in Nigeria: a cross-sectional survey (Nisa premier hospital). BMC Health Serv Res. 2020 Apr 01;20(1):273 Authors: Ofoli JNT, Ashau-Oladipo T, Hati SS, Ati L, Ede V Abstract BACKGROUND: Understanding the features of preventive care uptake is critical for assessing the performance and viability of primary care in any healthcare system. There are gaps in previous studies that focused on primary healthcare features, challenges and way forward in Nigeria but were mainly public sector focused and do not characterize the features of preventive care. Since private healthcare sector remains the most accessed and utilized in Nigeria, this study sought to characterize the features of uptake of preventive care to better understand the current preventive healthcare landscape. METHOD: A descriptive cross-sectional study, using survey questionnaire were randomly administered to adult patients attending the Family Medicine Out-Patient Department (OPD) at Nisa Premier Hospital, Jabi Abuja. The study was conducted over a three-month period. (January to June 2017). Data collected were analyzed using SPSS version 23 (IBM SPSS, Chicago, IL, USA). Descriptive statistics in the form of frequency and percentage were used to report the results. RESULTS: A total of 381 participants completed the survey. The results revealed that while an over overwhelming majority (> 90%) of participants indicated knowledge of benefits of preventive care, and preferred interventions aimed at preventing a disease before they occur, 48% preferred interventions aimed at reducing disease or injury impact or interventions aimed at ameliorating the impact of ongoing disease or injury with long lasting effect (43%). Unfortunately, less than 40% of respondents would visit the hospital when their health condition is not serious. Important barriers to uptake of preventive care ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Assessing readiness to implement routine immunization among patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Kano, Nigeria: a theory-informed cross-sectional study.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:38 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Assessing readiness to implement routine immunization among patent and proprietary medicine vendors in Kano, Nigeria: a theory-informed cross-sectional study. Expert Rev Vaccines. 2020 Apr 02;: Authors: Adamu AA, Gadanya MA, Jalo RI, Uthman OA, Nnaji CA, Bello IW, Wiysonge CS Abstract BackgroundPatent and proprietary medicine vendors (PPMVs) are widespread in communities and can potentially be used to expand access to routine immunization especially in underserved communities. In this study, we aimed to assess their readiness to implement routine immunization in Kano, Nigeria, and identified factors associated with it.MethodsWe conducted a cross-sectional survey of PPMVs aged 18 years and above in Kano metropolis, Nigeria, using cluster sampling technique. A 10-item Likert scale-based measure was used to estimate readiness score. The relationship between selected factors and readiness score was examined using multilevel linear modeling technique.ResultsA total of 455 PPMVs with median age of 36 years participated in the study. The median raw score for readiness was 4.7 (IQR: 4.3 - 4-8) (maximum obtainable was 5). The mean readiness score (obtained through factor analysis) was 5.28 (SD: 0.58). Readiness score was associated with factors such as knowledge of immunization and task demand, engagement by other public health programmes among others.ConclusionThis study demonstrated the feasibility of measuring the level of readiness for implementing routine immunization among PPMVs. Given the high level of readiness, policy makers should consider the possibility of expanding access to immunization through PPMV. PMID: 32238070 [PubMed - as supplied by ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Research Note: Detection of infectious bursal disease virus antibodies in free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:37 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Research Note: Detection of infectious bursal disease virus antibodies in free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria. Poult Sci. 2020 Apr;99(4):1975-1977 Authors: Orakpoghenor O, Oladele SB, Abdu PA Abstract Infectious bursal disease virus (IBDV) is an immunosuppressive pathogen of poultry causing great economic losses to the poultry industry. In this study, the IBDV antibodies were detected in captured free-living wild birds in Zaria, Nigeria. One hundred and fifty free-living wild birds, comprising 30 birds each of 5 different species, were sampled over a period of 9 months. Blood samples were collected from each bird, and harvested sera were tested for IBDV antibodies using enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay. Results indicated IBDV seroprevalences in speckled pigeon (6.67%) and cattle egret (3.33%). In conclusion, the detection of IBDV antibodies in free-living wild birds in this study is indicative of previous natural exposure of these birds to the virus. These species of wild birds could therefore serve as carriers of these viruses and, consequently, transmit these viruses to chickens. PMID: 32241478 [PubMed - in ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • What are the drivers of recurrent cholera transmission in Nigeria? Evidence from a scoping review.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:37 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles What are the drivers of recurrent cholera transmission in Nigeria? Evidence from a scoping review. BMC Public Health. 2020 Apr 03;20(1):432 Authors: Elimian KO, Mezue S, Musah A, Oyebanji O, Fall IS, Yennan S, Yao M, Abok PO, Williams N, Omar LH, Balde T, Ampah K, Okudo I, Ibrahim L, Jinadu A, Alemu W, Peter C, Ihekweazu C Abstract BACKGROUND: The 2018 cholera outbreak in Nigeria affected over half of the states in the country, and was characterised by high attack and case fatality rates. The country continues to record cholera cases and related deaths to date. However, there is a dearth of evidence on context-specific drivers and their operational mechanisms in mediating recurrent cholera transmission in Nigeria. This study therefore aimed to fill this important research gap, with a view to informing the design and implementation of appropriate preventive and control measures. METHODS: Four bibliographic literature sources (CINAHL (Plus with full text), Web of Science, Google Scholar and PubMed), and one journal (African Journals Online) were searched to retrieve documents relating to cholera transmission in Nigeria. Titles and abstracts of the identified documents were screened according to a predefined study protocol. Data extraction and bibliometric analysis of all eligible documents were conducted, which was followed by thematic and systematic analyses. RESULTS: Forty-five documents met the inclusion criteria and were included in the final analysis. The majority of the documents were peer-reviewed journal articles (89%) and conducted predominantly in the context of cholera epidemics (64%). The narrative analysis indicates that social, biological, environmental and climatic, health systems, and a combination of two or more factors appear to drive cholera transmission in Nigeria. Regarding operational dynamics, a substantial number of the identified drivers appear to be ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • MOLECULAR STUDY OF RABIES VIRUS IN SLAUGHTERED DOGS IN BILLIRI AND KALTUNGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:37 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles MOLECULAR STUDY OF RABIES VIRUS IN SLAUGHTERED DOGS IN BILLIRI AND KALTUNGO LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREAS OF GOMBE STATE, NIGERIA. Acta Trop. 2020 Mar 31;:105461 Authors: Suleiman MA, Kwaga JKP, Okubanjo OOO, Abarshi MM, Kia GSN Abstract Rabies is one of the most dreadful diseases and a major viral zoonosis which has been shown to cause an almost 100% fatality rate in infected victims. It is characterized by acute progressive encephalitis, ganglioneuritis and parotid adenitis in mammals. This study determined the genotypic characteristics of rabies virus in dogs slaughtered for human consumption based on sequence of a fragment of nucleoprotein gene. Brain tissues were collected from 50 dogs slaughtered in Billiri and Kaltungo Local Government Areas of Gombe State, Nigeria. Direct fluorescent antibody test (DFAT) was used to screen for the presence of rabies virus antigen. Viral RNA isolated from DFAT positive brain tissues were subjected to the reverse transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) followed by sequencing of the amplicons. Maximum Likelihood (ML) was used to construct a phylogenetic tree for sequences obtained with 1000 bootstrap replicates. The DFAT detected rabies antigen in 3 (6%) of the 50 dog brain tissues, from which 1 (2%) was positive by RT-PCR. ML phylogeny approach of the nucleotide sequences inferred members as originating lyssavirus genus and dog species. Essentially, MK234794 in this study displayed 99.3% sequence similarity with other related rabies viruses in the Africa 2 cluster (Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad and Niger). Interestingly, MK234794 showed no cluster relation with the Africa 1a, 1b, 3 and Africa 4 clades, respectively. This indicates there is in-country and trans-boundary circulation of the rabies viruses with no co-circulation between the Africa lineages, especially as dogs are continuously being traded due to consumption of dog meat in West Africa. This finding ...

    Comments: 0   View more...

  • Association between nutritional status and early childhood caries risk profile in a sub-urban nigeria community.

    Posted 2020-04-05 15:16:37 by: The HealthFolk Team

    Related Articles Association between nutritional status and early childhood caries risk profile in a sub-urban nigeria community. Int J Paediatr Dent. 2020 Apr 03;: Authors: Folayan MO, Oginni AB, El Tantawi M, Alade M, Adeniyi AA, Finlayson TL Abstract BACKGROUND: Malnutrition is associated with oral health problems. AIM: To determine the association between malnutrition (undernourished and over-nourished) and early childhood caries (ECC) in a sub-urban population in Nigeria. DESIGN: Data were extracted from a database of a household survey of 1549 under 6-years-old children. Explanatory variables were nutritional status (normal, undernourished [wasted, stunted and underweight], or over-nourished). The outcome measure was the prevalence of ECC. Children's socio-demographic characteristics (socioeconomic status, sex, age) and caries-risk variables (frequency of sugar consumption in-between-meals, oral hygiene status) were the confounders. Association between ECC and malnutrition was determined using Poisson regression analysis. Statistical significance was set at p≤0.05. RESULTS: About one-third (31.4%) of children had expected height/weight for age; 848(54.7%) were under-nourished; and 215(13.9%) were over-nourished. Nutritional status was not significantly associated with the prevalence of ECC. Children who consumed sugar in-between-meals three or more times a day were twice as likely to have ECC as were those who consumed sugar less often in-between-meals (APR:2.23; 95% CI:1.30-3.81; p=0.003). Children 3-5-years-old were more likely to have ECC than were those 0-2-years-old (APR: 2.40; 95% CI:1.10-5.22; p=0.03). CONCLUSIONS: ECC was not associated with undernourished and over-nourished in a sub-urban population in Nigeria. PMID: 32243034 [PubMed - as supplied by ...

    Comments: 0   View more...



(200 symbols max)

(256 symbols max)